If you miss a tooth, several teeth or all teeth in one or both jaws, we will look for a solution in the dental prosthodontics. In our dental office we offer all kinds of mobile and fixed prosthodontics.
- Mobile prosthodontics
- Total dentures
- Acrylic (hard plastic) partial dentures
- Cast metal dentures
- Acrylic (flexible plastic) partial dentures
- Fixed prosthodontics
- Combined (fixed-mobile) dental work
- Prosthodontics on dental implants
After a clinical examination and X-rays analysis we talk to the patient about his wishes and possibilities and make a treatment plan. Detailed treatment plan and a cost estimate are presented to the patient before the beginning of the treatment. The works are finished in a very short period, and the patients are given temporary prostheses or implant prostheses, so that they can continue with everyday activities and social contacts. They are not toothless and treated teeth are not sensitive. We give a long-term guarantee on all works.
Total dentures are made in cases where the patient has no teeth. Their making goes through five stages and each of them has the same importance for the quality of the future prosthesis.
During the first visit, very precise initial impression of all anatomical structures of the jaw is taken with a standard impression tray. Based on this impression, the stone model of your jaws is made in the dental laboratory and the dental technician creates a custom impression tray which is necessary for the next phase.
On the second visit, a custom impression tray is used to take second, much more detailed and accurate impression of the toothless jaws. This is a much more precise impression than the one from the first visit. It is taken with highly precise impression materials. During this phase, while waiting for the impression material to harden, you pronounce certain voices and make certain grimaces.
The third visit is reserved for determination of the interjaw relationships. This means that we are determining the length and width of your future teeth, the smile line, the lips angles and the relationships of the future dentures. At this stage, you can bring us photographs of your natural teeth and express your wishes in terms of aesthetics.
After this phase, the dental technician is placing the selected denture teeth in the correct position, so in the fourth visit the arrangement of teeth is tested in the mouth so that adjustments can be made to the occlusion. At this stage, you can suggest us to change on your teeth everything that you may not like (color, shape, position … etc.).
The fifth and final phase is when we give you your total denture.
At the beginning of wearing total dentures, it will be unusual for you to get used to your new teeth, but it’s really important that you wear your denture constantly, without interruption, and that you read aloud the newspapers, a book … anything in order to get used to the new pronunciation of certain votes.
The normal and expected reaction after 2-3 days is that your dentures cause sore spots as they compress the denture-bearing soft tissues, in which case you call us and come to make a few denture adjustments. Some patients need one correction, while others need two, three or even more. After a certain period (usually after 6 months), it is necessary to come for a denture relining.
Total dentures are made of acrylic. In the upper jaw, they spread over the whole palate, while in the lower one they cover only places (ridges) where teeth were. Depending on the surface of the prosthesis, the larger the denture, the better the retention and the dentures are more stable in the mouth. Consequently, it is more difficult to get used to the lower dentures than on the upper.
Acrylic partial dentures
Acrylic partial dentures are most often made as temporary appliance that the patient uses until some of the better quality prosthetic works are completed. They are considerably cheaper than other dentures, so if a patient cannot afford some quality work, then this type of dentures are made as a lasting solution.
Acrylic partial dentures are made in cases where the patient misses a few teeth, and the remaining teeth that are used as carriers and additional retention by placing wire clasps around them. Surfaces of the acrylic partial dentures are the same as for total dentures. It extends over the whole palate in the upper jaw, while in the lower one it extends over the toothless parts of the ridges and the lingual side of the teeth. In some cases, the surface of the denture plate can be reduced.
Acrylic partial dentures are mobile appliances, the patient can put them in and out of the mouth.
CAST METAL PARTIAL DENTURES – WISSIL
This kind of dentures are indicated for all types of partial edentulousness. They consist of a metal plate and acrylic ridges. In the upper jaw the metal plate is positioned on the palate and is maximally reduced, which means it has a much smaller surface than the acrylic partial dentures. In the lower jaw, the metal part extends on the inner side of the teeth and is called a sublingual arch. These dentures also have clasps, only they are rigid, cast in the entire metal structure. The ridges are made of acrylic, they are pink in color, so the dark color of the metal is hidden from all sides.
These dentures are quite firm and durable and are made as a permanent solution. They are mobile, not fixed or cemented, the patient can remove them from the mouth for maintaining the oral hygiene.
THERMOPLASTIC PARTIAL DENTURES
Thermoplastic or elastic ThermoSens dentures are currently the most comfortable, aesthetically most acceptable and completely superior to other types of dentures. They are made from the unique, biocompatible material – Vertex ThermoSens and in the future will completely depose its predecessors – Valplast dentures.
They have numerous advantages:
- At the temperature of the oral cavity, they soften and completely adhere to the oral mucosa, so wearing them is comfortable and without the risk of moving and dropping out of the mouth when eating or talking.
- They look natural in the mouth. They do not have metal clasps or any non-aesthetic element, so their aesthetics is flawless
- Due to its elasticity they can’t break like acrylic partial dentures.
- There is no risk of allergic reactions that are sometimes present in acrylic partial dentures (monomer free dentures)
- Unlike Valplast dentures, it is possible to do the reparation – in case of subsequent teeth loss due to periodontal disease or caries, these teeth can be added to the prosthesis.
Crowns are fixed prosthodontics restorations that replace only one tooth. They can be made in cases where the tooth is so devastated that the filling could not solve the problem, or when we want to achieve better aesthetic results.
First, your tooth is prepared by removing an equal amount of dental substance from all sides, and the rest is shaped like an abutment. Then impression is taken, and the crown is made in the dental laboratory. The finished crown is then permanently cemented on your tooth.
If the tooth is so destroyed that only the root remains, first we make a post and core that is cemented in the root canal, and the crown part of it looks like an abutment. The tooth crown is replaced by its metal-ceramic or ceramic restoration.
In cases where the whole tooth is missing, the root part can be replaced by the implant, but more about this in the part – prosthetic on dental implants.
There are two different types of materials used for dental crowns:
- Metal ceramic crowns
- All-ceramic crowns
Metal ceramic crowns consist of a metal interior or base which is fused to porcelain crowns. The metal is coated on all sides with ceramics, so it can’t be seen in the mouth. It can be made on all teeth, but the most common indication is the side teeth.
All-ceramic is a material that does not contain any metal and consists entirely of porcelain. These are mostly aesthetic restorations, they are more expensive than metal ceramic crowns and are usually made on the front teeth.
In cases where one or more teeth are missing in the jaw and the remaining teeth are strong and massive enough to handle the load of the missing teeth, a dental bridge is made. It is a fixed restoration that is permanently cemented in the oral cavity and cannot be taken out of it as it is the case with the dentures.
Each dental bridge must have at least two abutment teeth adjacent to the tooth that is missing. The abutment teeth are prepared from all sides, impression is taken and sent to dental lab for the casting of the metal alloy construction, so your second visit will be reserved for trying on that metallic base. After that, the metallic base returns to the dental lab, and the future teeth are modeled in ceramics. The definitive bridge is first temporarily cemented for a certain period, and after some time, permanently. The time required for making a dental bridge is one week.
If several teeth are missing, then a larger number of abutments must be included in the bridge construction. The making of so-called circular bridges, in which all the teeth of the upper or lower jaw are included, is increasing by the day.
Bridges, as well as crowns, can be metal ceramic or all-ceramic.
COMBINED FIXED-MOBILE PROSTHETIC RESTORATIONS
Combined fixed-mobile prosthetic restorations are often the perfect solution for patients with a small number of remaining teeth. These restorations consist of two different components. The first restoration is fixed and can be made as a milled crown or bridge depending on the number of the remaining teeth. It is permanently cemented in the patient’s mouth. The second restoration is mobile and is made as a cast metal partial denture that is attached to fixed work. Instead of the cast metal dentures, thermoplastic dentures can be made as a mobile restoration.
There are two common indications for making combined work. The first is when the patient has anterior teeth, no side teeth, and there are no conditions for dental implants. Then all the front teeth are connected in a block by making a metal-ceramic bridge that is cemented. Side teeth are restored by cast metal or thermoplastic dentures. When cast metal dentures are finished, the connection between fixed and mobile work are attachments or double crowns. Attachments are connections which mostly resembles snap buttons. On the last crown of the fixed restoration there is a part of the attachment, on the first crown of the cast metal dentures extends the other part that interacts with the first one, locks it as a snap button, thus forming a solid connection.
The second common indication is if the patient has only two or three teeth left. They are prepared, milled crowns are made and cemented. All other teeth are restored by a cast metal dentures.